City Swim Meet, Chicago Defender, April 2, 1938.

current research

I am an interdisciplinary scholar of race, gender, youth, sports, health and outdoor recreation. My current project examines the history of Black girl athletes’ representations in sport media. Previous research has explored the construction of the Black athlete in 1970s/1980s Black children’s media and feminist young adult literature of the 1970s. Additionally, I have conducted extensive research on the history of Black girls’ relationship to informal and formal health education. I am also working on projects centered on histories of African American youth and outdoor and environmental recreation.


White, Samantha. “Black Girls Swim: Race, Gender, and Embodied Aquatic Histories” in Girlhood Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, (2021)

White, Samantha “Ebony Jr! and the Black Athlete: Meritocracy, Sport, and African-American Children’s Media,” Journal of Sport History, (2020)

White, Samantha. “A Means to an End: Teaching Masculinity through Sport Literature,” Aethlon: Journal of Sport Literature, (2020).

White, Samantha “Sport,” SAGE Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood Studies, (2020).

White, Samantha. “Negotiating Female Athletic Identity Through the Works of R.R. Knudson,” Aethlon: Journal of Sport Literature, (2017).